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Knitting Fundamentals: How to Do Increases

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Although simple scarves, cowls, and dishcloths are fun to make, eventually the time comes to try projects that are more complex than rectangles and tubes, and that means using shaping techniques. There’s a variety of different increase techniques, but the three most common increases - M1, KFB, and YO - are surprisingly simple to learn. Read on and watch our video tutorials.


  • Yarn.
  • Knitting needles

1. M1

M1, short for make one, is an increase that is made by knitting into the bar in between two stitches. There are two M1 stitches, M1L that twists the bar with the left side to the front and M1R that twists with the right side to the front.


Now watch the video to learn how to do an M1 increase.

2. YO

YO, short for yarn over, is an increase that is made in between two stitches by bringing the yarn from the front to the back across the needle, creating new loop. YOs create large decorative eyelets.


Now watch the video tutorial and learn how to do a YO increase.

3. KFB

KFB, short of knit front and back, is an increase that is created by knitting in the front and back of one stitch to create two stitches.


Now watch my video tutorial to see how to do a KFB increase.

Start New Knitting Projects

You've now learned how to increase between stitches, how to create decorative eyelet increases, and how to create two stitches from one. Now that you’ve learned the three most common types of increases, you’re well on your way to knitting exciting projects like cute sweaters and sweet shawlettes.

Or your could practice your new skill with this simple cabled beret

What will you make with increases?

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